As a worldwide unique institute of culture, the ZKM | Center for Art and Media is both museum and more than a museum. It is house for all media and genre, a house for both spatially-based art such as painting, photography and sculpture as well as for time-based arts such as film, video, media art, music, dance, theater and performance. The ZKM was founded as a museum in 1989 with the mission to perpetuate classic arts in the digital age – the reason for its also being referred to as »Electronic or Digital Art Bauhaus«. The ZKM also houses institutes and laboratories in which research and development is carried out. Alongside the classic guiding principle of the museum, namely, to protect works or art from deterioration and finally disappearing, the ZKM has also taken on the task of creating the conditions under which works of art arise. It achieves this, firstly, by way of the »artists-in-residence« program, and secondly, by way of the house’s colleagues. This is why it is called center and not museum. Due to its high-profile technical development and production work, the ZKM is considered the »Max Planck Institute of Arts«.